PENDIDIKAN KRISTEN DI ABAD ERA GLOBALISASI: STRATEGIC TEACHING AND LEARNING YANG BERORIENTASI KEPADA STUDENTS-CENTERED

Rufina Leong

Abstract


Abstract: Learning strategies have the purpose of giving awareness to educators to increase their knowledge of technological development skills from the era of globalization. The question that arises: What is Christian Education? What are the effective Christian Education learning strategies? What are the challenges, constraints of implementing Christian Education, and how to overcome them? The answer is: (1) Christian education is a student-centered learning process based on elements of communication, collaborative, critical thinking, creativity, and the application of pure values and ethics. (2) Christian Education learning strategies can be done in accordance with the context of students in the classroom with the following rules: teachers determine the instructor learning process strategy, teachers give time and opportunity, teachers give clear instructions to students, teachers give trust and guidance to students and teachers give students the right to learn. (3) The challenges and constraints of implementing Christian Education and how to overcome it are: First, teachers (lecturers) need to be aware of the importance of diversifying teaching and learning methods to be in line with 21st century education in fulfilling their duties and responsibilities for students . Second, teachers should always be proactive, self-assessing, prepared, confident and take the initiative to strive to improve skills and produce effective teaching techniques that are able to attract students.

 

Abstrak: Strategi pembelajaran mempunyai tujuan memberi kesadaran kepada warga pendidik meningkat pengetahuan keterampilan perkembangan tekonologipada era globalisasi. Persoalan yang timbul: Apa itu Pendidikan Kristen?  Bagaimanakah strategi pembelajaran Pendidikan Kristen yang efektif? Bagaimanakah cabaran, kekangan melaksanakan Pendidikan Kristen,  dan cara mengatasinya? Jawabnya adalah: (1) Pendidikan Kristen merupakn proses pembelajaran yang berpusatkan murid berteraskan elemen komunikasi, kolaboratif, pemikiran kritis, kreativiti, dan aplikasi nilai murni dan etika. (2) Strategi pembelajaran Pendidikan Kristen dapat dilakukan sesuai dengan konteks murid di kelas dengan kaidah-kaidah sebagai berikut: guru menentukan strategi proses belajar pengajar, guru beri masa dan peluang, guru memberikan arahan jelas kepada murid, guru memberi kepercayaan dan bimbingan kepada murid, dan guru memberikan hak murid untuk belajar.  (3) Cabaran dan kekangan melaksanakan Pendidikan Kristen  dan cara mengatasinya adalah: Pertama, guru-guru (pensyarah-pensyarah) perlu sadar akan kepentingan mempelbagaikan kaedah pengajaran dan pembelajaran agar selari dengan pendidikan abad ke-21 dalam menunaikan tugas dan tanggungjawab mereka demi kemenjadian murid. Kedua, guru harus sentiasa bersikap proaktif, menilai diri, bersedia, berkeyakinan dan mengambil inisiatif untuk berusaha meningkatkan kemahiran dan menghasilkan teknik pengajaran berkesan yang mampu menarik minat murid.


Keywords


Learning Strategies, Student-centered, Learning Models, Teachers (lecturers), Strategi Pembelajaran, Berpusat kepada Murid, Model Pembelajaran, Guru-guru (Pensyarah-pensyarah)

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amran, Nurzarina & Rosli, Roslinda. (2017), “Kefahaman Guru Tentang Kemahiran Abad Ke-21”. Malaysia: Fakulti Pendidikan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. diakses pada 15 April 2019, http://conference.kuis.edu.my.

GP, Harianto. (2016), “Quality Learning Cooperative With Pattern Collaborative to Improve the Character”, Jurnal Tekpen, 1(1), 146.

GP, Harianto. Teologi PAK. Yogyakarta: Andi, 2017.

https://www.gpsbestari.com/tip/tip-mengajar/antara-teknik-pembelajaran-abad-21-perkongsian-guru-cemerlang.

https://www.pendidik2u.my/pembelajaran-abad-ke-21-pak21/.

Iberahim, Ainun Rahman Iberahim, dkk. (2017). “Pembelajaran Abad ke-21 dan Pengaruhnya terhadap Sikap, Motivasi dan Pencapaian Bahas Melayu Pelajar Sekolah Menengah”, Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Melayu, Vol. 7(2) 77-88.

Johnson, Aaron. (2013), “Effective Methods for 21st Century Learning: A teacher Action Research Project”, Meridian: A K-16 School Computer Technologies Journal Jurnal, Vo.6.

Malaysia (2013), “Pelan Pembangunan Pendidikan Malaysia 2013-2025” (Putrajaya: Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum), https://www.imls.gov.

Russel, B.H. Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2000.

Schumaker (eds.), Teaching Adolescents with Disabilities: Accessing the General Education Curriculum. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2006.

Schumaker, J.B. & Deshler, D.D. “Teaching Adolescents to be Strategic Learners”, Teaching Adolescents with Disabilities: Accessing the General Education Curriculum. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2006.

Shukor, Nur Syahfika Abdul & Harun, Zolkepli. “Cabaran Penerapan Pembelejaran Abad ke-21 dalam Mata peljaran Sains”, Procesing 1(43) (Malaysia: Fakulti Pendidikan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia).

Yahya, Mashira. (2019) “Praktik Pembelajaran Abad 21 (PAK21) di PT Guru dan Fasilitasi (PdPc) Guru Sekolah Dasar”, Jurnal IPDA, No. 26.

Yunos, Masyuniza. (2015), “Hubungan sikap dan persepsi murid terhadap pembelajaran Bahasa Melayu dengan kemahiran abad ke-21”, Jurnal Malay Language Education, 5(2), 22-30.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.51730/ed.v4i2.52

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Excelsis Deo: Jurnal Teologi, Misiologi, dan Pendidikan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Lisensi Creative Commons
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Excelsis Deo telah tercatat di situs: 

 

         

 

e- ISSN: 2685-0923

p-ISSN: 2684-8724